Keeping the environment clean and healthy is a responsibility that many industries share. One of these is having their wastewater professionally treated. Such treatment ensures that companies comply with safety standards that protect both the environment and human populations from the chemicals and harmful substances in wastewater.
Some companies prefer to treat their own wastewater to save money; however, this isn’t ideal. Wastewater treatment requires permits and processes that are too difficult to carry out without investing in the proper equipment. It also requires extensive experience and technical knowledge, as industrial wastewater must be treated and disposed of correctly and safely.
Industrial wastewater feeds right back into the environment, which pollutes bodies of water and damages local ecosystems. If it’s not effectively treated, then the high levels of contaminant concentration won’t be reduced, thereby degrading the environment and posing health risks to residents.
Although it is highly dependent on the industry, some of these are contaminants that are generally present in industrial wastewater:
|Acids Ammonia Automotive fluids Bleach Cyanide Detergent Drug residue (both prescription and over-the-counter)||Food waste Heavy metals, including arsenic Hormones and antibiotics Motor oil Organic matter Petroleum byproducts Solvents Sludge|
As observed above, industrial water contains many toxic, synthetic chemicals that are harmful to all life forms. When these accumulate in high concentrations in marine plants and animals, this leads to bioaccumulation. Marine life cannot expel these chemicals out of its tissue, so these substances are stored in their muscles, resulting in their deaths. Marine life is also known to absorb dangerous metals like mercury, copper, and lead, which can poison humans who consume them.
Apart from contamination, there is also another form of marine pollution called thermal pollution. It occurs when the ocean temperature changes rapidly, triggered by factories and power plants discharging water of various temperatures into oceans. This is hazardous to marine life, as most organisms require specific temperatures to survive. Certain temperatures can be fatal to these organisms, killing them in the process.
Such pollution also affects the behavioural and reproductive patterns in marine life. Although they can still mate and produce eggs, these eggs might be immature or unhealthy.
Marine life can also mutate by being exposed to different chemicals, like pesticides. These are quickly absorbed into the ecosystem and consequently cause life-threatening diseases in aquatic organisms. This leads to a change in biochemistry, tissue matter, and even growth.
Industrial wastewater can also inhibit marine life’s access to sunlight. Heavy with contaminants, wastewater is often dark and murky, which blocks the sunlight from reaching the ocean bed or seafloor. Marine plants that inhabit these areas are then unable to photosynthesise. Greywater can also clog fish gills and hinder them from absorbing dissolved oxygen.
Untreated industrial wastewater is extremely harmful to the environment. These adverse effects carry over to humans, as the world relies on plants and animals for food and nutrition. Although it can be difficult for companies to eliminate or reduce their production of wastewater, the next best thing is to have it professionally treated to remove any toxic substances and chemicals. This will keep ecosystems healthy and thriving while protecting humans from contracting severe illnesses.
Blue Quest Group is a company that specialises in industrial wastewater treatment in Australia. With our Purus H2O solution, which is a cost-effective, modular, and portable water filtration solution, you can efficiently remove harmful organisms and particles from your water. You’ll get cleaner wastewater with our nanotechnology. Get in touch with us today to see how we can help.